Innovative Extension Methods

1. Mealy Bug Campaign (June, 2008 to January, 2009)

In pursuant of the decisions taken in the Workshop on Mealy bug management campaign held under the Chairmanship of Hon'ble Vice-Chancellor Dr. PDKV, Akola (19.06.2008), the following activities were carried out by KVK, Yavatmal during the reporting period

1. Formation of University level District Action Team (DAT):

Following members have been included in the team

S.No.

Name of staff

Designation

Place in the team

1.

Dr. Pramod V. Yadgirwar

Programme Co-ordinator KVK (Dr. PDKV), Yavatmal

Nodal Officer

2.

Shri. A. S. Kuril

District Superintendent Agril. Officer, Yavatmal

Convenor

3.

Dr. U. S. Kulkarni

Asstt. Professor  (Entomology) KVK          (Dr. PDKV), Yavatmal

Member

4.

Dr. S. W. Khodke

Asstt. Professor  (Pl. Pathology), ZARS,      CV Zone

Member

5.

--

Subdivisional Agril. Officer (All), Distt.. Yavatmal

Members

6.

--

Taluka Agril. Officers (All) Distt. Yavatmal

Members

      

2. Conduction of monthly meeting of the District Action Team:

              First monthly meeting of the District Action Team (DAT): was conveyed on 19.07.2008 at KVK, Yavatmal . Thereafter regular meetings were undertaken to discuss the status of mealy bug pest in the district and massage regarding the control measure activities delivered by the Entomologists and Pl. Pathologist. So far five meetings were conducted i.e. on 12/07/08 , 19/07/08, 09/08/09,13/09/08 and 08/11/08.  

3. Circulation of technical massage of Head Department of Entomology, Dr. PDKV, Akola:

              Messages in the form of circulars and folders from Head Department of Entomology,  Dr. PDKV, Akola  regarding management of mealy bug pests were given to DSAO and ADO offices for onward transmission to the grass root level Extension functionaries  at village level.  Copies were also submitted to the Programme officer of Akashwani (AIR) for immediate broadcast to awaken the farmers .  

4. Development of literature and mass media coverage:

  a} Folders: Over 2000 copies of folderson mealy bug developed by this KVK and distributed to

    the farmers  during  traings , field visits , field days, exhibitions and Krishi mele. Another

    5000 copies were developed  by State Agriculture Depatment for mass circulation.

  b) Wall posters: Pasting of Wall posters developed by the Head Department of Entomology, Dr. 

     PDKV,  Akola at public places helped to awaken the farmers about possible threats and

     control measures of the  pest  

 c) Broadcast on Akashwani (AIR) : Farmer;s querries were replied immedietly through Hallo

    Kastkar     programme. So far 5 individual interviews 12 Hallo Kastkar programme were

     broadcast on AIR, Yavatmal  concerning to mealy bug management

  d) Telecast on TV: Massage regarding management of mealybug also telecast on ETV Marathi

    and Raj TV (a  local cable network). So far 5 TV Telecast were launched

  e) News paper coverage: Information on mealybug management also disseminated through

    daily news  papers prominently including Lokmat, Sakal, Deshonnati, Lokdoot and Times of

    India  

  5. Dr.PDKV Krishak Vigyan Manch:

            So far eight programme of Dr. PDKV Krishak Vigyan Manch benefiting 376 farmers were conducted at KVK. Farmers were awaked during every programme about the possible threat of the pests and management practices to be undertaken  

6. Krishi Doot Training Programme:  

Krishi doots from villages were informed about the nature of this pest during Krishi Doot Training Programmes. So far five Krishi Doot Training Programmes covering eight Tahsils were conducted

S. No.

Name of Tahsil

Date

No. of participats

1.

Yavatmal

04.08.2008

191

2.

Ralegaon- Kalamb

01.09.2008

465

3.

Ghatanji

13.08.2008

110

4.

Wani-Maregaon

16.08.2008

168

5.

Umarkhed - Mahagaon

20.01.2009

600

 

 

Total

1534

  7. Lecture delivered during contingency planning and plant protection meeting at Z. P.

    Yavatmal:

            On 1st July 2008 Dr. Pramod Yadgirwar Programme Co-ordinator of KVK, Yavatmal during the Krishi Din Programme, delivered a lecture on management of possible outbreak of mealy bug at ZP Yavatmal

            Dr. U. S. Kulkarni Asstt Professor of Entomology delivered another lecture on mealy bug management during the contingency planning and plant protection meeting held on 21.07.2008 at    Z. P. Yavatmal. The Hon'ble President of the Z. P. Yavatmal, the Chairman of the Agriculture and Education departments of the ZP, the Associate Director of ZARS, Yavatmal, the Programme       Co-ordinator of KVK, Yavatmal, the Extension Agronomist (T&V), Yavatmal along with 250 extension functionaries and Agro. input dealers from Yavatmal attended the meeting, They were supplied folders on mealy bug management developed by the KVK

8. Field survey and Monitoring:  

            In order to keep close watch on the infestation level of mealy bugs on cotton and other crops, regular monitoring and field surveys were undertaken. The Staff members from State Agril. Department and the Extension Agronomists (T&V) also associated time to time during the field visits.So far following villages in different tahsils were covered under survey.  

S. No.

Tahsil

Villages covered

Remarks

1

Yavatmal

Jamwadi, Bhisni, Kapra, Kita

Pest appeared mostly on cotton crops and weeds on the bunds close to fields. Overall the infestation was scattered in cotton field. In some fields the infestation was restricted to a few plants only. In Amla (Tq. Kalamb), Jamwadi & Kapra (Tq. Yavatmal) considerable infestation in cotton fields of three farmers were noticed.

2

Darwah

Chani, Chikni, Kamathwada

3

Ner

Sonwadhona, Uttarwadhona

4

Babhulgaon

Babhulgaon, Hastapur, Loni

5

Ralegaon

Watkhed, Kheda, Sawner

6

Kalamb

Kalamb, Kotha, Amla

7

Arni

Arni, Lonbehel, Tarota

8

Pandharkawada

Belori, Chalbardi, Pahapal, Pimpri

9

Mahagaon

Mahagaon, Dhanoda

10

Zari-Zamni

Hiwara, Barsa

11

Ghatanji

Wagartakli

12

Umarkhed

Umarkhed, Dhanki, Brahangaon

 

  9. Joint field Field visits of KVK with Scientists from NCIPM, New Delhi andCICR,Nagpur:

                        Due to the awakening news appeared in news papers about infestation of mealybug pests on cotton in Yavatmal district Dr. O. M. Bombawale Director NCIPM, New Delhi, Dr. P.R. Bharambe Head Division of Crop Production CICR, Nagpur and Dr. K. R. Kranthi Director (I/C), CICR, Nagpur along with a team of expert on 09.07.2008 hold joint visit with Programme Co-ordinator and SMS Plant Protection of KVK to few cotton fields in the district.

  10. Night meetings and Trainings  

The farmers from the adopted villages of KVK were awakened about the possible threat of the mealy bug pest through night meetings and trainings.  Three night meetings in Sowadhona Uttarwadhona and Watkhed  while five training were conducted by the KVK, Another five trainings as experts were attended by the expert from KVK which were organizeed by Stae Agril. Departmant and allide depattments / district functioaries.  

 

2. An Interface - programme among Agricultural input  Dealers and University Scientists

              It is known fact that input dealers pay an anchor role in technology transfer. As all most all the farmers have to visit at shop for input collections.

            So as to know the genuine and recent technology coming out from university and central research stations and accordingly keeping the same into flow of TOT one-day interface program among University scientists and District input dealers was organized by this KVK on 09.09.2008. All the dealers expressed that such programme should be organized at least a twice in a year. This will directly reflects to effective extension work. As recorded in the proceeding of same meeting the 90% of TOT or extension work is excepted by input dealers as reported by one of speaker Shri. Prafulla Mankar.

            For this programme Hon’ble Vice-chancellor, Dr. PDKV, Akola guided and accompanied for whole day. Five Heads of different University Department viz. Agronomy, Extension, Poultry, Soil science, and Farm Power & Machinery were guided and interacted besides KVK scientists.

 

3.  KVK-Krishi doot training Programme            

As per Kind directives Hon’ble Vice Chancellor during the Sarpanch Melawa held at Yavatmal, a novel extension tool of Krishi doot training programmes are being organized talukawise in the district and till now From 8 talukas,1534 no. of doots have been registered. Registration as KVK krishi doot has resulted in easy accession for farmers to university and KVK. The Krishidoot trainings has greatly helped in awaring about Spodoptera on Soybean and Mealy Bug on Cotton. It is clearly indicated on data of state agriculture deptt., that the talukas where krishi doot programmes were undertaken the lower area of Spodoptera losses has been reported. Even in that taluka which is adjacent to Chandrapur distt, (Where havoc of pest is witnessed) i.e. Wani taluka the area of infestation was very low only because of awareness made during krishidoot programme conducted on dated 16/8/2008. Accordingly, the farmers took due care and saved the crop, unlike at Chandrapur Dist. Farmers registered as  krishi doot will henceforth act as a doot between KVK/ University and there own village for dissemination of need based technology.  

Talukawise area of infestation of Spodoptera

Sr.

no.

Talukas where KD training conducted by KVK, Yavatmal

Area (ha)

No. of villages where severe damage reported

Sr.No.

Taluka where KD training were remained to Conduct

Area of Spodoptera infestation

No. of villages where sever damage reported

Area of Spodoptera infestation

 

Total under Soybean crop

Area of Spodoptera infestation

 

Total under Soybean crop

 

1

Yavatmal

13789.00

17250.0

152

1

Darwha

19526.65

24250.00

149

2

Ralegaon

3158.75

20200.0

127

2

Ner

21519.00

17415.00

121

3

Kalamb

4447.00

18524.0

18

3

Arni

16232.00

15500.00

106

4

Ghatani

10747.00

14500.0

107

4

Babhulgaon

24400.00

17520.00

123

5

Mahagaon

--

17000.0

--

5

Pusad

4500.00

24500.00

52

6

Umarkhed

480.00

31250.0

20

6

Digras

3110.00

10263.00

32

7

Maregaon

550.00

14250.0

75

7

Pandharkawada

11071.00

11900.00

180

8

Wani

670.00

22250.0

8

8

Zari

471.00

18428.00

8

 

Total

33841

155224

507

 

 

1,00,830

1,39,776

771

Infestation % of total area

21.80%

 

 

 

72.13%

 

 

 

4.  Dr. PDKV Krushak Vigyan Manch

         As per the directives of the Hon’ble Vice Chancellor Dr. PDKV, Akola “ PDKV Krushak Vigyan Manch” has been founded at this center. Under this activity scientist farmers interaction held at the center on third Saturday (11 am-16 pm) of every month. The farmers were given membership of the manch with ID card. and about 150 regular visiting farmers have been nominated as a members of this manch. The publicity this activity is made through AIR Yavatmal and local newspapers. During reporting period, out of 12 KVMs, 723 no. of farmers were benefited. Good interactions are being held, good response from farmers community is received.

 

 

 

 5. Night visit and meeting in adopted villages

          There is always a need to discuss with the farmers and solve the problems. However considering the busy schedule of the farming community, this KVK center is implementing a unique night visit and meeting programme in the adopted villages. A team of expert center visit two to three times every month in the villages during evening and night hours and held discussion with the farmers in the village during meeting and replay the queries of the farmers. This activity receiving big response of the farmers.

6.  Telephonic Helpline Centre

      As per kind directives of Hon’ble Vice Chancellor at SAC meeting, this center started telephonic Helpline for answering doubts and queries of farmers. The recently connected helpline Telephone No. is 253354, received on free of cost by BSNL on request. Till now 200 queries are replied by KVK staff during this reporting period.

 7. On line radio Programme On AIR “Hello Kastakar”

          This service initiated in joint collaboration by AIR, Yavatmal, KVK,  and ZARS Yavatmal. The Programme is recorded on phone  during 03 to 04 pm at every 2nd and 4th Wednesday and broadcasted at every Thursday and Friday. The concern scientists address farmers, queries received by telephone during the programme.

        During the reporting period, 525 farmers have been directly benefited from 48 broadcasting of this programme, in year. The quarries represent certain common problems technology on plant protection and production, technology of horticulture and field crops . It is worth to mention that the Akashwani of Yavatmal is heard by more than 19 lacs of farmers of Yavatmal and adjacent districts.

         The impact study carried out by KVK, Yavatmal is shown on lateral page.

 

A)       An Impact Study on “Hello Kastakar” on line radio Programme

 

Name of Investigator:

PI        :  Anil S. Gomase, Junior Research Assistant, KVK, (Dr. PDKV),   Yavatmal.

Co-PI : Dr. Pramod V. Yadgirwar, Programme Coordinator, KVK, (Dr. PDKV),  Yavatmal.

I. Introduction:

Radio has a power to bring knowledge of science and technology within shortest time enables to reach in to society for improving standard of living. It is one of the important reliable and cheapest mass media through which message can be reached to unriched and large number of farmers. Assigns need of rural people the need-based technologies and on timely.

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Dr. PDKV), Yavatmal, ZARS and Akashwani, Yavatmal started online phone-in Radio programme known as “Hello Kastakar” under “Kisaan Wani”. Farmers ask a quarry on phone during 3 to 4 pm at every 2nd and 4th Wednesday and same are broadcasted at every Thursday and Friday. The scientists related to quarries address farmers, and to queries received during the programme. So far 525 farmers have been directly and indirectly benefitted during 48 broadcastings of this programme, during reporting period. The quarries represent certain common problems on plant protection, Horticulture and production technology. It is worth to mention that the Akashwani of Yavatmal with transmission about 160 Km. is heard by more than 19 lacs listeners and farmers and hence an extent of information sources have been tried to access with possible correlation with monetary gains of farming community (respondents).

II. Objectives:

  1. To study the profile of the respondents participated in online programme.
  2. To assess the perception of the farmers about utility of online radio programme.

3.      To study the impact on monetary gained by the farmers.

4.      To study various constraints faced by respondents during participation in programme.

III. Methodology:

            The listeners are from Yavatmal and some adjacent districts like Nanded, Amravati, Wardha, Washim and Adilabad. The respondents participated in online programme “Hallow Kastakar” were grouped the taluka wise and accordingly list was prepared for easy appraisal from respondents. The talukas of Arni, Darwa, Mahur and Yavatmal, which are having with high frequency of respondents, were selected for study. For data collection, an interview schedule was designed in the accordance of objectives of study. The respondents were selected by using random sampling method. Thus in all 32 respondents were selected for study. Personal interview technique was followed for collection of data. The data thus collected were subjected to statistical analysis. Studies furnished have been submitted as in below table.

IV. Findings

1. Profile of Respondent

Table: 1 Distribution of respondents according to various personal, socioeconomic and

             communication Characteristics of the respondent.

Sr. NO

Characteristics

Category

Respondent (N=32)

Frequency

Percentage

1

Age

 

 

 

 

 

Young (Up to24 yrs.)

05

16

 

 

Middle (25 to 36 yrs.)

14

44

 

 

Elder (above 37 yrs.)

13

41

2

Education

 

 

 

 

 

Illiterate (0)

00

00

 

 

Primary School (1-4)

01

03

 

 

Middle School (5-7)

03

09

 

 

High School (8-10)

19

59

 

 

College (above 10)

09

28

3

Family Size

 

 

 

 

 

Up to 4

04

13

 

 

5- 6

18

56

 

 

7 and above

10

31

4

Land Holding

 

 

 

 

 

Land less (0.00)

02

06

 

 

Marginal (up to 1.00 ha)

00

00

 

 

Small (1.01-2.0 ha)

06

19

 

 

Semi Medium (2.01-4.0ha)

13

41

 

 

Medium (4.01-10.0 ha)

09

28

 

 

Large (above 10.00 ha)

04

13

5

Annual Income

 

 

 

 

 

Low (up to Rs.33000/-)

02

06

 

 

Medium (Rs. 33001/- to 1,65,000/-)

14

44

 

 

High (above Rs.165.001/-)

16

50

6

Cropping Intensity

 

 

 

 

 

Low (up to 115%)

04

13

 

 

Medium (116-165 %)

09

28

 

 

High (above 166%)

19

59

7.

Farming Situation

 

 

 

 

 

Irrigated

22

69

 

 

Rain fed

10

31

8

Sources of information

 

 

 

 

 

Low (Up to 5)

04

12

 

 

Medium (6-9)

12

38

 

 

High (Above 10)

16

50

9

Timeliness information

 

 

 

 

Broadcasted on AIR

Not at all timely

00

00

 

 

Reasonably timely

17

53

 

 

Very timely

15

47

10

Perception towards

 

 

 

 

Phone in Programme

Less Use full

00

00

 

 

Useful

13

41

 

 

Most Useful

19

59

1.1)  Age  :

 

            A age wise distribution of respondent in table 1 shows that, nearly half of the respondent (44%) were belonged middle age group of 25 to 36 years. This was followed by, over (41%) were middle age group, whereas, (16%) of respondents were belonged to age group of young group (up to 24 years).

  1.2)  Education :       

              It was observed that, more than half of the respondent (59%) had education up to high school level, followed by over one forth of the respondents (28%) had college level education. This was followed by (9%) of respondent had middle school level education, whereas, (3%) of the respondents were educated up to primary level.

  1.3) Family size

            Majority of respondents (56%) were 5-6 members of family member, followed by (31%) of respondents (31%) more than 7 members in family. /where as only (13%) of respondents family members having below 4 members in family.

  1.4) Land holding

            As regard to land holding relatively higher proportion of respondents (41%) belonged to semi medium (2.01to 4.0 ha) land holding. Followed by (28%) of respondents medium (4.01-10.0 ha) land holding, (19%) of the respondents had small land holding (1.01-2.0 ha). A meager percentage of respondents had (13%) large above (10.00 ha) and (6%) respondents having land less.  

1.5) Annual Income  

            Regarding annual income, nearly half of the respondents (50%) had their annual income above Rs.1, 65, 000/-, followed by the respondents (44%) had their income in the range of Rs.33, 000/- to 1, 65, 000. Nearly (6%) of the respondents had their annual income below the Rs. 33,000.